What is Aromatherapy?


What is Aromatherapy?

Aromatherapy is the use of the "essential" or "aromatic" oils of a plant for physical, psychological and esthetic purposes. Aromatherapy is one method used within the larger umbrella of phytotherapy or "herbology" (plant therapy). The value of aromatherapy is often thought to be due to fragrance but in actuality the therapeutic benefits far outweigh simply the allure of smell. Essential oils are a treasure trove of practical and convenient medicine. Many plants have been used for their medicinal qualities for thousands of years as poultices, teas and alcohol based extractions called tinctures. In some aromatic plants though, the medicinal qualities are held within "essential or volatile oils". These essences are sometimes contained in the flowers, leaves, fruit, wood, roots, bark or seeds. Although they act very similarly to oils these "oils" are actually a variety of compounds such as organic acids, esters, alcohols, oxides. ketones, and aldehydes. In fact, one way to tell whether you have a pure essential oil is to put a drop on a piece of paper. If it evaporates and leaves very little oily residue you can be certain your product is pure and has not been cut with cheaper vegetable oils. To ensure you are getting high quality oils purchase them at health food stores and not from stores that are concerned with cosmetics and fragrance.

The term "aromatherapy" was coined in France in the 1920's by Rene-Maurice Gattefosse. Before and after that aromatherapy was used in many ways in health care settings and for healing. For instance, essential oils were used during World War II for injuries and infections. Today many scientific studies prove the biomedical effects of these strong medicines and in fact many western medicines actually use essential oils as the active component. In addition, the cosmetic and food industry regularly uses essential oils to bolster flavor and enhance products in various ways.

You can think of essential oils as super concentrated plant medicine. While some oils can be used straight they are usually combined with "carrier oils" such as grapeseed oil, canola or evening primrose oil. This is because they are so powerful and can be too strong if ingested orally or applied directly to the skin. Some may burn or be toxic to the system without dilution. Just as the oils are easily assimilated into the body they are also quickly eliminated. However, as with all herbal medicine caution should be exercised especially in cases of pregnancy or complicated health conditions such as epilepsy and asthma. It is also important to note that medicinal qualities only apply to oils that are organic and pure. "Fragrance oils" and other synthetic products are not derived from plants so none of the medicinal qualities are present in them.

Because essential oils are very fragile and can breakdown easily it is important to store them properly. Store oils in dark glass bottles and avoid oxygen and light from contacting them as much as possible. Never buy essential oils that are being sold in plastic or clear containers because much, if not all, of their medicinal qualities will be lost.

The medicinal components of essential oils are incredibly small. This allows them to enter the body in the air through breathing and enter through the pores and glands when applied to the skin. There are many ways to use essential oils. Add them to your bath, use them during a massage, inhale them as a vapor, or you can use diffusers or room sprays. Get creative and try them out!

Follow along next week when I tell you which 5 essential oils to start using right now.

Want a few more resources?

Gattefosse's Aromatherapy: The First Book on Aromatherapy

The Complete Book of Essential Oils and Aromatherapy: Over 600 Natural, Non-Toxic and Fragrant Recipes to Create Health — Beauty — a Safe Home Environment

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